56 YouTube & Vimeo

Streaming Video

Streaming videos are quite popular and have become relatively easy to cite. Here is the pattern:

Author, A. A. [User name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http:// xxxxx

Martinez, B.  (2009, July 21). Flamenco classes for children with Barbara Martinez (NYC) [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/4qEClG5x-b8

Bank Street Help Desk. (2013, November 12). YouTube record from webcam [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/ECNxMWptmL8

Bank Street Library. (2012, February 16). I want my hat back [Video file]. Retrieved from http://vimeo.com/36907580


The author is the person or entity who posted the video. Include:

  1. any user name after the author in square brackets.
  2. if there is no real name just include the user name but omit the square brackets.

In the examples above there are no user names.


YouTube gives exact publication dates. You can find out the exact date of Vimeo clips by clicking more which will activate an About pop-up box. In the example above the exact date is Thursday, February 16, 2012, at 11:13 am.

In-Text Citations

In text, use the following citations: (Martinez, 2009), (Bank Street Help Desk, 2013), (Bank Street Library, 2013).[1]

Direct Quotations

The only option for directly quoting from audio-visual material is to provide a timestamp, e.g., (Martinez, 2009, 1:30:04).[2]

  1. American Psychological Association (2012-05-25). APA Style Guide to Electronic References, Sixth Edition (Kindle Locations 779-786). American Psychological Association. Kindle Edition.
  2. http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/01/timestamps-for-audiovisual-materials-in-apa-style.html


APA @ Bank Street Copyright © 2013 by Bank Street Library. All Rights Reserved.

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2 Responses to YouTube & Vimeo

  1. Colin on April 12, 2015 at 7:54 pm says:

    Hello. I was using this guide to cite a Vimeo reference. I noticed that hovering my mouse over the “1 year ago” text expanded the element into a full date stamp, down to the minute of posting. Happy citing!

    • peterhare on April 13, 2015 at 1:19 am says:

      Thank you Colin! I really appreciate your feedback.

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