35 Websites: In-Text Citations

Web documents have many of the same elements as print documents but there are some points you need to remember, they frequently move or are removed from a site. They often do not have page numbers, publication dates, or authors. So, it is important to state whatever information you have in your reference list and citation.

Websites as a Whole

If you are referring to a website in its entirety, just refer to the name and website’s homepage address in the text of your paper. There is no need for a reference list entry.

The Bank Street Bookstore is a wonderful website for finding that perfect children’s book (http://www.bankstreetbooks.com/)[1]

The Center for Children’s Literature uses Twitter (http://www.twitter.com/BankStreetLib) to keep patrons up-to-date on events.[2]

Webpage

Follow the author/date format as you would for a print resource.

Wilson, S. (2016). Oprah Winfrey & Stedman Graham marrying after 30 years: Why she’s giving in — report. Retrieved from http://hollywoodlife.com/2016/08/31/oprah-winfrey-stedman-graham-getting-married-wedding/

In-text citation (Wilson, 2016)

Webpage, No Author

As there is no author, the title moves to the author position. Do not italicize the title, or add a period at the end of a web address.

IAN Research Findings: Regression. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.autismspeaks.org/news/news-item/ian-research-findings-regression

Cite in your text the first few words of the title and and use double quotation marks (“IAN Research Findings,” 2008).

Webpage, No Dates

If you want to cite a number of webpages from one website, and there are no dates, use (n.d.-a) and (n.d.-b) and so forth[3].

Bank Street College of Education. (n.d.-a). Continuing professional studies. Retrieved from https://www.bankstreet.edu/cps/

In-text citation (Bank Street College of Education, n.d.-a)

Bank Street College of Education. (n.d.-b). Summer in Costa Rica . Retrieved from https://www.bankstreet.edu/cps/study-abroad/costa-rica/

In-text citation (Bank Street College of Education, n.d.-b)

Bank Street College of Education. (n.d.-c). Travel program to Cuba. Retrieved from https://www.bankstreet.edu/cps/study-abroad/cuba/
In-text citation (Bank Street College of Education, n.d.-c)

Webpage, No Page Numbers

If you are citing a direct quote and there is no page number, use the name of the chapter or heading where the quote appears.

“These short-format courses are offered for CTLE hours” (Bank Street College of Education, n.d.-a, About CPS).

(American Psychological Association, 2010, pp. 171-172, 176)