11 Groups as Authors

Corporations, Associations, Government Agencies…

Spell out each time a group name appears in a text citation. However, if the name is long, cumbersome, familiar, or easily understandable, then you can abbreviate and use that for second and subsequent citations


  1. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2003)
  2. Second citation NIMH (2003)


  1. (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2003)
  2. (NIMH, 2003)

(American Psychological Association,  2010, p. 176)



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