36 YouTube & Vimeo

Streaming Video

Streaming videos are quite popular and have become relatively easy to cite. Here is the pattern:

Author, A. A. [User name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http:// xxxxx

Martinez, B.  (2009, July 21). Flamenco classes for children with Barbara Martinez (NYC) [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/4qEClG5x-b8

Bank Street Help Desk. (2013, November 12). YouTube record from webcam [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/ECNxMWptmL8

Bank Street Library. (2013). I want my hat back [Video file]. Retrieved from http://vimeo.com/36907580


The author is the person or entity who posted the video. Include:

  1. any user name after the author in square brackets.
  2. if there is no real name just include the user name but omit the square brackets.

In the examples above there are no user names.


YouTube gives exact publication dates but Vimeo does not (it does give very approximate dates, e.g., 10 months ago; two years ago). In the case of Vimeo do the best you can.

In-Text Citations

In text, use the following citations: (Martinez, 2009), (Bank Street Help Desk, 2013), (Bank Street Library, 2013).[1]

  1. American Psychological Association (2012-05-25). APA Style Guide to Electronic References, Sixth Edition (Kindle Locations 779-786). American Psychological Association. Kindle Edition.

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