25 Epigraph

An epigraph is a quote used at the beginning of a paper, its purpose to set the mood for the up-coming chapter[1].

Quotes From Scholarly Texts & Journals

An epigraph from a scholarly book or journal and a quotation used by permission. Cite the author, year, and page number at the end of the epigraph, in parentheses with no period. The source should be listed in the References section.

Endemic uncertainties complicate the teaching craft and hamper the earning of psychic rewards. Intangibility and complexity impose a toll; built-in difficulties include assessing performance, balancing demands and relationships, and managing the self under provocation. (Lortie, 1975, p.159)

Reference Entry

Lortie, D. C. (1975). Schoolteacher. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Quotes From a Popular Text

The text is indented from the left margin like a block quote. On the line below the epigraph, write an em dash, the author’s first and last name (use only the author’s last name if he or she is well-known, e.g., Shakespeare), the source’s title and year. The source does not go in the reference section.

The moving finger writes; and, having writ, moves on: nor all thy piety nor wit shall lure it back to cancel half a line, nor all thy tears wash out a word of it.

–Omar Khayyam, The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, 1974.


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