31 DOI – Digital Object Identifiers

If an article has a DOI (digital object identifier) include it in your reference list. Hyper-linked DOIs are useful for readers who do not have access to your institution’s subscription databases.

You do not haveĀ  to hyperlink the DOI in your reference list but it’s recommended. Adding the numbers after doi: to this hyperlink http://dx.doi.org/ will make a URL for a journal article or a publisher’s homepage. With a DOI you do not need to include database information or retrieval dates.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of document. Title of Complete Work, xx, pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Porter, N. (2012). Promotion of pretend play for children with high-functioning autism through the use of circumscribed interests. Early Childhood Education Journal, 40(3), 161-167. doi:10.1007/s10643-012-0505-1

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of document. Title of Complete Work, xx, pp-pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.xxxx/xxxxxx

Porter, N. (2012). Promotion of pretend play for children with high-functioning autism through the use of circumscribed interests. Early Childhood Education Journal, 40(3), 161-167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10643-012-0505-1

If you come across a DOI that is not hyperlinked, use the DOI Resolvers below to find out more from the publisher’s website:

http://www.doi.org/

http://www.crossref.org/

(American Psychological Association, 2010, pp. 188-191, 198-199; American Psychological Association, 2012)

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